sábado, 21 de septiembre de 2019

Fin de semana en la ciudad de México

Para el puente del 16 de septiembre fui a las ciudad de México con mis amigos.
Visitamos muchos lugares. Nos quedamos en un hotel barato cerca del centro. Nos costó como 400 pesos la noche.

jueves, 19 de septiembre de 2019

5 Ways to Be Secretly Productive During a Boring Meeting

How to get something done on the sly while you're stuck in a useless meeting.


Depending on who you ask, American office workers spend an incredible 35-50 percent of their workdays in meetings. And I probably don't need to tell you that many of those meetings are utterly useless and soul-crushingly boring.

We all hope for the day when managers wise up and scrub our calendars of these time-sucking irrelevancies, but we all hope for world peace and an end to disease too. Sadly, none of the above is likely to occur in our lifetimes. So while we wait for the definitive fix to the problem, is their any way you can salvage a scrap of productivity from the most useless meetings on your calendar?

Experts insist that whatever the circumstances, there is always something positive for you to covertly do while your colleagues discuss irrelevant information or engage in circular arguments. Here are a few ideas:

1. Count your blessings.

Neuroscience shows that consciously counting your blessings actually rewires your brain for greater positivity, so why not use that dead time stuck in the conference room (or on that pointless call) to practice a little gratitude?

While the speaker drones on you can silently brainstorm things you're grateful for, or alternately make a mental list of a few specific people who you'd like to send a thank you note or even thank face-to-face after you escape your torturous meeting.

2. Doodle.

I confess to being an inveterate doodler -- without a pen and a bit of paper, I basically can't make it through a meeting or lecture. I always felt guilty about it (sorry, basically every college professors I ever had!), but these days I'm less worried about this habit.

Why? A ton of science says doodling isn't just a way to fight off boredom. Not only does drawing help you work through half-formed ideas and be more creative, it actually can also help you recall boring information. So go ahead and sketch your way through that hideously pointless meeting without guilt.

3. Practice mindfulness.

Time use expert Laura Vanderkam has a fun suggestion for surviving boring conference calls -- knit, sew, or engage in your quiet hobby of choice. Of course, unless your office is extremely open to quirky in-person meeting behavior, this won't work for in-person meetings, but Vanderkam notes that pursuing these sorts of activities while on the phone isn't just useful, it's also "zen."

Experts to back her up. Psychologists and others insist that activities like knitting, painting, or cooking that focus our attention on the present work like a form of mindfulness, and offer many of the same mind-clearing, stress-reducing benefits as more formal meditation. That means you're not only making a nice scarf, you're also centering yourself mentally for the rest of the day.

Or if you're stuck in the fluorescent glare on a meeting room without access to knitting needles, try a stealth meditation. "If you're at work and there's a contentious meeting going on and tempers are starting to flare, you don't have to open up the closet and pull out all this equipment, sit down cross-legged, light the incense and look weird," meditation expert Sharon Salzberg says. "You just need to settle your attention on your breath. No one even knows you're doing it."

4. Daydream (the right way).

If you're hawk-eyed boss is watching participants for any sign of wandering attention, some of the above ideas may be impossible. But even the most unreasonable manager can't police your thoughts. So use them productively while in time-wasting meetings.

That doesn't mean zoning out imagining your next vacation. Instead, engage in what Harvard psychiatrist Srini Pillay dubs "positive constructive daydreaming." The idea is to let your mind wander "on a leash" by imagining or rehearsing an upcoming event or project. Pillay insists this sort of semi-focused daydreaming helps you think through and prepare for the future, improving real-life performance when the time comes. (For example, you could imagine talking to your boss about getting rid of useless meetings, which brings us too...)

5. Develop a plan to destroy time-wasting meetings.

All these ways of getting some use out of boring meetings are helpful, but the best alternative, of course, would be to not have pointless get togethers in the first place. You can use today's lost time to plan for a less meeting-filled future.

There are all sort of techniques to reduce the amount of time you spend in useless meetings, from team-wide initiatives like having employees "pay" for meetings and simple gizmos that nudge people to use their time more effectively, to personal strategies for winnowing the number of meetings you're obliged to accept. Another possibility is corralling all your meetings into one day to give yourself unbroken time for deep work.

Ponder the possibilities while your current meeting chugs along and consider which works best in your situation and how to tactfully approach your colleagues about making a change.

How do you make the best of pointless meetings?


The opinions expressed here by Inc.com columnists are their own, not those of Inc.com.

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3 Body Language Tips from Billionaire Sara Blakely That Will Make a Great First Impression

The founder of Spanx has mastered these three simple body language displays. You can, too.

By Marcel SchwantesFounder and Chief Human Officer, Leadership From the Core@MarcelSchwantes

Spanx founder Sara Blakely


Learning to communicate better is one of the best ways to improve yourself and succeed as a human being.

But do we ever think about "improving" our communication in the nonverbal sense? In other words, are you even aware of the effects your body language has on people?

While focusing so much on how we come across with our words and actions, we tend to forget the importance of our nonverbal communication.

The expert in this field is Dr. Donna Van Natten, the Body Language Dr and author of the upcoming release, The Body Language of Politics: Deciding Who is Lying, Who is Sincere, and How You'll Vote.

I caught up with Van Natten and asked her which successful entrepreneurs we can all learn from when it comes to successful body language habits. Van Natten was quick to reference Sara Blakely--the self-made billionaire and founder of Spanx--whom she has studied and examined through a variety of photographs and videos.

Blakely's passion is obvious and clearly displayed through her body language. In her analysis, Van Natten discovered three creative techniques Blakely uses to capture and sustain our attention. 

1. Lots of eye contact.

From photographs to interviews to Spanx promotional materials, Blakely is constantly "looking at us" from beyond the cameras. We stare back at her blue eyes as they captivate us through our screens.

No doubt, part of her successful branding is to make sure that we are watching her, and she is watching us.

"Eye contact is a critical nonverbal because it instantly builds trust and ensures honesty. Plus, her gazing at us gives the impression of confidence--and we are hooked," explains Van Natten.

Van Natten adds, "Eye contact helps us connect with another person.... When you watch her, don't you feel connected? I do."

2. Hand gestures that reinforce your words.

Van Natten explains that Blakely's use of hand gestures constantly reinforces her verbal messages. We believe what she is saying because she backs it up with complimentary gestures and other body movements.

"In several videos," says Van Natten, "I see her clasping her hands to infer warmth, extending her palms to invite us in, and making a point by the subtle lifting of her pointer finger--as if to say, 'I'm making a point...and we are No. 1.'"

3. A genuine smile.

Van Natten noted that almost every image of Blakely shows her smiling. Smiles are powerful, and Blakely's big flash of straight, white teeth is disarming to us. We practically smile back at her because that big, impressive smile--often framed by bright lipstick for emphasis--makes us feel socially connected, explains Van Natten.

"This complex nonverbal action has several meanings, but overall it is positively received--especially when coupled with crinkled corners of the eyes indicating a 'real' smile," explains Van Natten.

Van Natten also stressed that smiles are universal and clear indicators of "it's OK, I'm safe." 

Blakely's display of welcoming teeth and nonthreatening facial expressions convinces Spanx consumers to like her. Since her passion and belief about her product oozes from her, Van Natten says "we 'see and feel' her excited beyond words" and "her body language is speaking to us and we enjoy reading it."

Even though most of us reading this will never personally know or meet Sara Blakely, Van Natten says "we eagerly welcome her into our homes from screens, buy her products, and let her change our bodies while, simultaneously, building our self-esteem. Who doesn't want that!" 

Taking a cue from Sara Blakely, we can see that she has mastered these three easy-to-understand and simple body language displays. Now, you can, too.   


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The opinions expressed here by Inc.com columnists are their own, not those of Inc.com.

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lunes, 16 de septiembre de 2019

El vestido de la Malinche, la mujer más odiada de México

A primera vista parece un vestido igual al que usan muchas mujeres de comunidades indígenas de México o Centroamérica. Pero la prenda, una blusa adornada llamada huipil, esconde varios secretos.
Fue hecha hace más de 500 años con base en textiles de plumas de ave hiladas, la llamada técnica plumaria de le ápoca prehispánica que casi ha desaparecido.
De hecho, en todo el mundo sólo se conservan cinco piezas elaboradas de esta manera, y el vestido es una de ellas.
Pero lo más curioso es la identidad de quien se cree fue su propietaria: Malinalli Tenépatl, bautizada como Doña Marina por los españoles que llegaron a lo que hoy es México hace cinco siglos.
Los mexicanos le llaman La Malinche, una forma despectiva de castellanizar su nombre y que se convirtió en una palabra vinculada con la traición.
“Malinchista” en México es una persona que prefiere a los extranjeros y sus costumbres por encima de su país.
El origen de esta definición viene de 1519 cuando Malinalli fue entregada como esclava a Hernán Cortés, a quien sirvió como traductora y enlace con algunos de los pueblos originarios.
Destino inesperado
No tenemos otro igual, ni en acervos de México ni en ninguna otra parte“: Alejandro González Villarruel.
La vida de Malinalli o Malintzin, como también se le conoce, es una de las más controvertidas en la historia de México.
Durante siglos los mexicanos aprendieron que la mujer ayudó a los españoles a derrotar al pueblo azteca, que era la civilización dominante en esa época, y que permitió a España apoderarse del territorio de Mesoamérica.
Pero recientemente algunos han reivindicado el papel de La Malinche.
El historiador Luis Barjau la define como una especie de embajadora con posibilidad de decisión, y de imponer su criterio al transmitir los mensajes de los españoles.
Sus conocimientos de las lenguas maya-chontal, náhuatl y castellano permitieron a Malinalli ocupar una posición de poder inusitada para una mujer de origen indígena.

Precios de xochimilco