Learning to learn
1 Foundation skills: learning how to learn—how to collect, know and comprehend,
how to give and receive feedback, and how to learn collaboratively.
2 Reading skills: basic literacy, reading in order to learn, reading in order to do.
3 Writing skills: preparing and organising information, writing, editing, revising.
4 Computational skills: quantification, computation, measurement and estimation,
quantitative comprehension, quantitative problem solving.
5 Speaking skills: nonverbal skills, vocal skills, verbal skills.
6 Listening skills: assigning meaning to aural stimuli.
7 Problem-solving skills: the ability to bridge the gap between what is and what ought
8 Creativity skills: the ability to produce a novel idea, and then turn it into a practical
9 Self-esteem skills: the ability to maintain a realistic and positive self-image.
10 Motivation and goal-setting skills: the ability to translate work into an instrument for
the development of self.
11 Personal and career development skills: the ability to adapt to changing work
requirements to ensure employment security and to fulfill personal potential.
12 Interpersonal skills: the ability to judge appropriate behaviour, to absorb stress, to
share responsibility, to deal with ambiguity.
13 Negotiation skills: the ability to overcome disagreements by compromising and
14 Teamwork skills: the ability of groups to pool human resources to pursue common
15 Organizational effectiveness skills: the ability to work productively in the context of
explicit and implicit organizational cultures and subcultures.
16 Leadership skills: the ability to influence others to serve the strategic purposes of
an organization or the developmental needs of an individual.
source: derived from Carnevale’s America and the new economy (1991) and based on the 3-year
ASTD/DOL study of workplace basic skills (1988)
martes, 3 de septiembre de 2019
Skills for contemporary economy
Learning to learn