martes, 10 de abril de 2018

Vocabulary

B.68 Recording vocabulary
Aim: to collect vocabulary in context and in a format that is readily useable.

You will need: a system.

How to record vocabulary: don't make lists!

Record vocab in topic-based groupings, using images. Record words in context, not alone. The meaning of words is clearer if they are recorded in context and the words will be easier to recall.

For those with a visual memory the very fact of noting related terms and expressions side by side on the page will mean that recalling one of them helps to recall those that were around it on the page, or noted at the same time.

Source: Lewis 1993: 126

B.69 Collect vocabulary in collocation
Aim: to collect vocabulary in context and in a format that is readily useable.

You will need: a notebook.

Don't collect new vocabulary in lists, but collect it in context with other words that it can be used with. In this way you have ready phrases to use, rather than single words.

Example
(re-)draft
table controversial
withdraw compromise amendments
vote on far-reaching
sign
Be aware of the methods for vocabulary recording that are out there and which ones work for you. For example, you might have a look at Lewis & Wilberg's seminal students' book Business English, in which they offer a whole range of ways to record vocabulary more effectively. Have a look also at Teaching Collocation by the same author. Details in the bibliography at the back of this book.

Source: Lewis 1993: 126; Lomb 2008: 140; EMCI 2002: 60; Walker 2005

B.70 Create a collocation dictionary
Aim: to collect vocabulary in context and in a format that is readily useable.

You will need: a separate notebook.

Create a collocation dictionary for your active language. That is a collection of pairs of words that are often found together. For example, in English the phrases ‘a heated debate’ or ‘untold suffering’ are used in preference to the many other pairs that would be technically correct, for example, ‘an angry debate’ or ‘grave suffering’. If you are to be convincing in your active languages you too must use them. (Gillies) Gillies, Andrew. Conference Interpreting. Routledge, 20130724. VitalBook file.

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